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2020 / 2021 Edition

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Reducing Global Energy Consumption

First published in the April 2021 issue of Quarry Management

Morten Wierod, president of ABB Motion, urges greater adoption of high-efficiency motors and drives to combat climate change 

In a recently published white paper, ABB revealed the potential for significant energy-efficiency improvements in industry and infrastructure through use of the latest and most high-efficiency motors and variable-speed drives, and are now calling on governments and industry to accelerate adoption of the technology to help combat climate change. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), industry accounts for 37% of global energy use and some 30% of global energy is consumed in buildings.

While mostly hidden from public view, electric motors – and the variable-speed drives which optimize their operation – are embedded in almost every built environment, powering a vast range of applications fundamental to modern society, from industrial pumps, fans and conveyors in manufacturing, to compressors for heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems in buildings.

Motor and drive technologies have seen exceptionally rapid advancement in the past decade, with today’s innovative designs delivering major energy efficiencies. However, a significant number of industrial electric motor-driven systems in operation today – in the region of 300 million globally – are inefficient or consume much more power than required, resulting in huge energy wastage. Independent research estimates that if these systems were replaced with optimized, high-efficiency equipment, the gains to be realized could reduce global electricity consumption by up to 10%. This, in turn, would account for a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions needed to meet the 2040 climate goals established by the Paris Agreement.

Industrial energy efficiency, more than any other challenge, has the single greatest capacity for combatting the climate emergency. It is essentially the world’s invisible climate solution. For ABB, sustainability is a key part of our company purpose and of the value that we create for all of our stakeholders. By far the biggest impact we can have in reducing greenhouse gas emissions is through our leading technologies, which reduce energy use in industry, buildings and transport.

Whilst considerable steps have already been taken to support the uptake of electric vehicles and renewable energy sources, it is time to do the same for an industrial technology that will deliver even greater benefits for the environment and the global economy. The importance of transitioning industries and infrastructure to these highly energy-efficient drives and motors to play their part in a more sustainable society cannot be overstated. With 45% of the world’s electricity used to power electric motors in buildings and industrial applications, investment in upgrading them will yield outsized rewards in terms of efficiency.

ABB frequently assess the net impact of their own installed high-efficiency motors and drives on global energy efficiency. In 2020, these units enabled 198 terawatt-hours (TWh) of electricity savings – more than half of the UK’s annual consumption. By 2023, it is estimated that ABB motors and drives will enable customers globally to save an additional 78TWh of electricity per year, almost as much as the annual consumption of Belgium, Finland or the Philippines, and more than the total annual consumption of Chile.

Regulatory policies are among the main drivers of industrial investment in energy efficiency around the globe. Whilst the European Union will be implementing its Ecodesign Regulation (EU 2019/1781) this year, which sets out stringent new requirements for an expanding range of energy-efficient motors, many countries have yet to take action.

To take advantage of the opportunities afforded by energy-efficient drives and motors to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, all stakeholders have a critical role to play: public decision-makers and government regulators need to incentivize their rapid adoption; businesses, cities, and countries need to be aware of both the cost savings and environmental advantages, and be willing to make the investment; and investors need to reallocate capital towards companies better prepared to address the climate risk.

While our role at ABB is to always provide the most efficient technologies, products and services to our customers, and continue to innovate for ever greater efficiency, that in itself is not enough. All stakeholders need to work together to bring about a holistic transformation in how we use energy. By acting and innovating together, we can keep critical services up and running while saving energy and combatting climate change.

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