Volvo CE pleased with LX1 field test results
Prototype hybrid wheel loader delivers around 50% fuel-efficiency improvement during customer testing
VOLVO Construction Equipment’s LX1 prototype electric hybrid wheel loader is said to have excelled during hundreds of hours of real-world testing, achieving around a 50% improvement in fuel efficiency compared with its conventional counterparts.
Field test results for the loader were presented at a press event in California on 12 July, which was organized alongside Volvo CE customer Waste Management, who carried out the field tests, CALSTART, who conducted emission tests on the machine, and the California Energy Commission, which helped fund the LX1 project.
Since the end of last year, the LX1 has performed hundreds of hours of real work in two applications at Waste Management facilities in California. Testing began at the Redwood Landfill and Recycling Center, a green waste composting site in the northern part of the state.
Both fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas emission tests were conducted at this facility and, although the data is still being analyzed, the results so far show an average improvement of 50% in fuel efficiency, equating to a reduction of 35% in fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.
The second test site was the Moreno Valley Transfer Station, a waste-transfer site in southern California. Here, the LX1 achieved an average fuel efficiency improvement of around 45%.
Both sets of results exceeded the 35% fuel efficiency improvement target set for the project.
‘We are pleased with the results from the field testing’ said Scott Young, electromobility director at Volvo CE. ‘Although we’d already seen the LX1 reach up to a 50% improvement in fuel efficiency in our internal tests, every application and operator are different.
‘Because of this, we were aiming for a 35% improvement in fuel efficiency in this project. But we’re happy to say that we’ve significantly exceeded this figure and achieved similar results to those recorded at our test site in Sweden.’
Waste Management, the largest environmental services and recycling company in North America, operate one of the largest fleets of Volvo CE equipment in the world. Prior to testing the LX1, the company ran a conventional machine at both test sites to gather baseline data.
‘Three experienced operators from Waste Management, who were trained and supported by Volvo CE engineers, carried out their daily work with the LX1 and provided us with valuable feedback,’ said Mr Young. ‘Their responses were positive: they liked the dramatic reduction in noise, improved visibility over the rear of the machine, ease of operation and powerful hydraulics.
‘But they also gave us constructive feedback on areas we can refine, such as improving functions like traction control and gear shifting, actions that will enhance operability. Now we’ve concluded the field tests, the machine will be shipped back to Sweden for updates and tuning based on what we’ve learnt over the last six months.’
Mr Young confirmed that, at this stage, the LX1 is still part of a development project and is not commercially available.
The California Energy Commission provided more than US$1.8 million of funding for the LX1 project through its Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program, which invests up to US$100 million per year to support advancements in alternative, renewable fuels and the vehicles powered by them in California.
The LX1 is a series hybrid that incorporates a driveline which consists of electric drive motors mounted at the wheels, electric-driven hydraulics, a battery energy-storage system, a significantly smaller diesel engine and new machine architecture. Volvo CE say it is this combination that delivers the substantial gain in fuel efficiency.
However, as well as the improvement in fuel efficiency and reduction in emissions, the LX1 is also said to offer a significant reduction in noise pollution compared with its conventional counterparts. Moreover, Volvo CE say the prototype – which has 98% new parts and a fundamentally new machine design – is capable of doing the work of a wheel loader that is one size larger.
‘Volvo CE have long-term plans to develop products and services for electromobility, including electric hybrids and electric sites,’ said Mr Young. ‘Although we believe that there will be a major shift towards electric hybrid technology in the future, our customers, quite rightly, want improved efficiency now.
‘This requires a balance in our development activities. Therefore, we are also optimizing more conventional technologies and soft offers that will compete with hybrid technology for some years to come.
‘Before we launch a machine like the LX1, you can expect to see elements of this design incorporated into our products. This will support short- and mid-term developments and requirements while the market continues to accept hybrid technology, technology improves and the cost of new technologies decreases.’